Library of

OLIVER is a database of synthetic recipes and tutorials that Molecular Foundry users and staff have found to be helpful. We are not the originators of every syntheses or technique and do not claim ownership of them, but have found the procedures included here to be successful.

The pages contained here ARE NOT replacements for on-the-job training or published procedures, and are solely intended to help improve upon your understanding.

Synthetic Protocols
There are sometimes hundreds of publications describing the synthesis of the same material. It is difficult to know by reading through journal articles which protocols are the most reliable. There are often "tricks of the trade" missing in the literature because they are common knowledge within research groups or fields. We have tried to include well-outlined and extremely detailed procedures to help guide researchers in their quest to find reliable, repeatable synthetic preps.

Procedures that are commonplace in some research fields are not always published in easy-to-find locations. We have included here some tried and true methods that we have found useful, ranging from simple processes like cleaning glassware to developing sample prep.

Researchers at the Molecular Foundry are often working in hot fields, where the research is advancing and expanding very quickly. Oftentimes those who have not been involved from the beginning of a project may struggle to understand basic concepts. We will soon include here some tutorials with simplified information to help those new to a particular research field.


The Molecular Foundry is a Department of Energy-funded nanoscience research facility that provides users from around the world with access to cutting-edge expertise and instrumentation in a collaborative, multidisciplinary environment.

If you are a member of the Molecular Foundry family and would like to contribute to OLIVER please contact Tracy Mattox (tmmattox@lbl.gov ; 510-495-2649).